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background housing

It had taken a decade and a half from the end of the building number 5 construction before the ensemble of Pavlovskiy houses with low-cost apartments was supplemented with the last building — the number 6.

About complex   81/1, Kanatnaya Street   81/2, Kanatnaya Street   81/3, Kanatnaya Street   81/4, Kanatnaya Street   81/5, Kanatnaya Street   81/6, Kanatnaya Street

Type of building: administrative building, educational building
Style: geometric Art Nouveau
Architect: L. M. Chernigov (?)
Date of building: 1910s
Status: object of background housing

Facade

General view from the building number 3 side General view from the building number 1 side
General view from the building number 5 side General view from the windows of the building number 1 Front facade from the building number 1 side

https://maps.google.com/maps/ms?msa=0&msid=218301489096028915799.0004d255edba24002ef8f&hl=ru&t=h&ll=46.466906,30.747111&spn=0,0&output=embed

Unfortunately, the exact details of the construction date and the author of the project are not available, that does not prevent, however, to conduct a free analysis of the house architecture. The authorship of L. M. Chernigov can most likely be supposed, as in the design of the building there is a number of elements peculiar to the architect. The building is strictly symmetrical; a silhouette is rectangular with a trapezoidal eminence in the central part. A similar technique was used by Leonid Chernigov, for example, in a house of Russow on 38b, Koblevskaya Street. A similar silhouette can be seen in a later creation of the architect on 9a, Preobrazhenskaya Street. Building facades are treated in a restrained manner of geometric Art Nouveau style with separate elements of the modernized Empire style and Russian neoclassical revival of the period (for example, moulded wreaths placed symmetrically at the level of the third floor, near the edges of the facade plane).

Decorative details of the ground floor

Windows with a uniting dripstone Windows with a traditional dripstone

Decorative details of the second and third floors

Composition of dripstones, ribbons, geometric decoration Composition from the windows of the same pattern Windows with the uniting dripstone Decoration in the piers One of the wreaths Windows of the second and third floors

Front facades are almost devoid of decoration, in the center of each there is a massive risalit of the staircase in the entire height of the building, flanked at the third-floor level by bay windows, having the shape of a circle quarter in plan. The bay windows are the only details diluting the monotony of front facades.

Risalit of the staircase

Bay windows, flanking the risalit

A view of the bay window from the building number 1 A view of the bay window from the building number 5

The layout of the building is unusual for residential architecture and it is likely that the building number 6 was designed for the arrangement of the various offices and services of Pavlovskiy houses. Both entrance halls on each floor are interconnected by means of a long corridor, on the sides of the latter apartment doors are located. The ceiling of the third floor rooms is much higher than the ceiling of other floors (it is clearly visible and in height of the third floor windows). Over doorways to the entrance halls metal canopies, made ​​in a single style with the architecture of the house, were preserved.

Canopies of the doorways

Canopy of the front facade from the building number 1 side Canopy of the front facade from the building number 5 side Canopy of the front facade from the building number 5 side, a detail

In stair railings a simple geometric pattern was used, various variants of which are found both in the buildings of rational Art Nouveau and in the later constructivist buildings.

Entrance hall

Staircase, a view downward

Railings, general view of the flight of stairs Railings, general view of the flight of stairs Railings, a fragment of the flight of stairs Railings, the horizontal stair banister between flights of stairs Railings, a fragment Railings, a fragment Railings, the horizontal stair banister of the third floor Railings, fastening of the rods Railings, fastening of the balusters

Door of the corridor

Ceiling of the staircase, a fragment of the cornice

In general way, the architecture of the building number 6 contrasts sharply with the other buildings of the complex, bringing into their ensemble a considerable dissonance (first of all by the style and number of floors). However, taken as a separate building, the house is a rather interesting and original example of geometric Art Nouveau of the first half of the 1910s.

 

 

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