The last of Tolvinskiy buildings, the number 5, was raised in 1895. A massive construction closed the courtyard from Yamchitskogo Lane side, having occupied the area between buildings no. 2 and no.4 along the building line.
Type of building: dwelling house, a building of residential complex
Style: eclecticism, Renaissance
Architects: N. K. Tolvinskiy and engineer K. V. Hodetskiy
Date of building: 1895
Status: local architectural monument
Other addresses: 4, Yamchitskogo Lane
Facade (from courtyard side)
The last of Tolvinskiy buildings, the number 5, was raised in 1895. A massive construction closed the courtyard from Yamchitskogo Lane side, having occupied the area between buildings no. 2 and no.4 along the building line. Of all the buildings, designed by Tolvinsky, the building no. 5 is stylistically closest to the original and unique manner of the architect. Many elements of the facade decoration appeared earlier and later in his other buildings in Odessa.
Facade (in Yamchitskogo Lane)
The building has a considerable length — 19 window axes from the courtyard side (excluding the corner risalits), and 25 — from the side of the lane (including the three axes of the main entrance staircase). The ground floors are treated with deep rustication, where, in contrast to the previous buildings, a parting of horizontal profiles in separate blocks has appeared.
Decoration details of the ground floor
The windows of the first floor are flanked by broad Ionic pilasters supporting the projecting, heavy dripstones of two types — triangular and semi-circular, with massive attics.
Decoration details of the first floor
Simple pilasters flanking the second-floor window were made coldly and schematic. Thus, the decoration of the first floor is singled out and (in contrast) amplified by its compositional value. From the courtyard side there are two significant risalits, topped with semicircular pediments, more two risalits flank the facade at the edges, marking cut corners. The corner risalits crown simple triangular pediments.
Courtyard facade risalits
Pediments of the central risalits of the courtyard facade
Risalits on the facade plane are decorated with double Corinthian pilasters, vertical composition of side risalits is accentuated by similar single ones.
The building is equipped with three entrances; the central portal is marked with a balcony-terrace on the first floor, enclosed by a stone balustrade. Portals of side entrances, instead of balconies, are crowned by triangular pediments.
Decorative portal on the axis of the front risalit
A facade in Yamchitskogo Lane is more restrained by design: extreme window axes are marked out by risalits with triangular pediments, the facade center is accentuated by a wide risalit in 13 window axes. Its central part is occupied by semicircular windows of the main entrance, above them — a large broken pediment, which is an enlarged and simplified version of the pediments of the building no. 1. The pediment is supported by double pilasters, similar to the pilasters on the opposite facade risalits.
Risalit of the main entrance from Yamchitskogo Lane side
A main entrance hall of the building is spacious, with a thoughtful lighting and functionality. A landing of each floor is a wide corridor with a cylindrical vault, which is separated from the volume of a staircase by the three-arch arcade supported by double thin columns from independent cast iron elements.
Main entrance hall
The columns of the ground and first floors have fluted shafts and capitals with geometric patterns. Columns of the second floor are thinner with more abundant plant ornamentation.
Fragments of the cast-iron columns
The staircase is square in plan, railings repeat railings motif of the buildings no.2, 3 and 4, but the central element of the scroll here is the simplest and extremely austere.
The rhythm of the three arches of each arcade echoes with three high semicircular windows, illuminating the stairwell.
As in other buildings, steps are made of marble. Landings, on the contrary, — low, made of concrete mosaic without ornamentation.
Staircases of side entrance halls are much cramped and lit worse, despite the fact that at the sides of the building the big semicircular windows for lighting are arranged. On the front side, they marked out by risalits and flanked by pilasters. Risalits are topped by triangular pediments.
Side entrance hall (left-side)
Window fence of the landing between the floors
Owing to the found proportions and the harmonious combination of volumes, the building number 5 looks very monumental and leaves an impression of good quality and reliability. Of the four buildings that were built by Tolvinskiy, it is the most successful, not only architecturally but also from an aesthetic point of view.
References and Archives
- «Architects of Odessa». B. Pilyavsky
- «Architecture of Odessa. Style and time». B. Pilyavsky
- «Buildings, structures, monuments of Odessa and architects». B. Pilyavsky